ROLE OF ‘ CHALK AND TALK METHOD ’ IN TEACHING AND LEARNING
Teachers all over the world, even with the advent of technology, prefer to teach by using the classical ”Chalk and Talk” method. It involves the use of a blackboard (or a glass board) on which the main points of the lesson are written, using a white chalk piece. This is a very useful method, since the teacher can attract the attention of the learners more easily than in any other method of teaching. Generally, most teachers prefer to write only the key words related to the lesson that is being taught. These key words together represent the summary of the day’s lesson. When copied and compiled, these keywords provide the learner with a skeleton of the subject that was taught. It becomes easier for the learner to understand the concept in a cogent and cohesive manner by adding the necessary information to these key words.
Chalk and talk method is especially highly useful in teaching subjects like science and mathematics. In the teaching of science, a teacher will have to highlight a particular concept by writing the key words and then connecting them subsequently, so as to enable the learner in understanding the logical sequence of ideas. Especially, when it comes to explaining the structure of a particular equipment or apparatus, the teacher takes the trouble of drawing a diagram of the same and label the different parts. Such an exercise helps the learner in knowing where to start and how to end the diagram. This is especially true while teaching science subjects like chemistry and biology. Using of different coloured chalkpieces while drawing a diagram, not only enhances the beauty of the diagrams, but also enables the learner to distinguish the various components of the diagrams.
Teaching of mathematics is ofcourse best done, by the chalk and talk method. The stepwise derivations can only be represented in board by using chalk piece. It allows the learner to follow the sequence of these steps precisely.
Chalk and talk method has some specific advantages compared to other modes of teaching. Some of them are ;
- It keeps the learner engaged throughout the period
- It promotes individual thinking
- Allows all the students to have their say
- Exposes the students to different ideas and perspectives
- Prompts questions in the learner
- Helps the learner to make connections to different ideas
- Encourages problem solving and
- Promotes reflective thinking
In the last two decades, modern technologies have tried to replace the black boards. We are now fascinated about smart classes and digital class rooms. Power point presentations, animations and videos are becoming common. There is no doubt that such technologies enable the learners to have a better understanding of the subject. We must remember that such techniques can only supplement class room teaching, but can never substitute a ‘ chalk and talk ‘ teacher.